He was a son of Emperor Alexios IV of Trebizond and Theodora Kantakouzene. Page Views (PV) 51.78. Bagrationi, Wife of John IV of Trebizond - Death. Since William Miller wrote his book on Trebizond, the scholarly consensus dated his death to 1458, although with some dissent to 1459 (Lampsides, Kursanskis) or simply state the broad limits 1458/9-1460 (Anthony Bryer). [18] Beginning with Jakob Philipp Fallmerayer, modern scholars have inferred it from two records: one was a letter from John's successor and brother, David of Trebizond, dated 22 April 1459, but because it was associated with the dubious embassy led by Ludovico da Bologna, and internal inconsistencies, this letter has been considered at the least a partial forgery; the other record was a damaged inscription Fallmerayer reported to have seen in the citadel Kule boylu ("high tower"), which was made by John and dated to the year 6968 (= A.D. 1 September 1459 – 31 August 1460); however this inscription was never seen by any other historian, despite determined efforts, and the citadel itself has since been destroyed. Emperor and Autocrat of all the East and Perateia, Byzantine Empire successor states [1204 - 1261] - [Nicaea, Epirus, Trebizond]. I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like. [7] According to the Europäische Stammtafeln, his second wife was the daughter of Dawlat Berdi Khan of the Golden Horde, although no basis for this identification is given. John apparently failed to cooperate, and in 1456 the Sultan dispatched his governor of Amasya Hizir Bey to attack Trebizond by both land and sea. An alternative identification is that she was the daughter of the Crimean Khan, Hacı I Giray.[21]. [15], John's hostile attitude towards Genoa was explained by one contemporary, the Spanish traveller Pero Tafur, as a fear of a potential Byzantine-Genoese alliance that could place his brother Alexander on the throne of Trebizond. tutto esatto qualsiasi . An important family, the Kabasitai, offered to act as intermediaries; however, an interpolator of the History of Chalkokondyles, or Pseudo-Chalkokondyles,[5] states that they were John's "secret accomplices" for some of the Kabasitai had agreed to allow two of John's archontes into Emperor Alexios' tent, and once inside the archontes murdered Alexios around midnight. John IV Megas Komnenos (Greek: Ιωάννης Δ΄ Μέγας Κομνηνός, Iōannēs IV Megas Komnēnos) (c. 1403 – 1460) was Emperor of Trebizond from 1429 until his death. The disputes were never fully settled and seriously injured commerce in the Black Sea. Empire of Trebizond - John IV Reigned: 1446 - 1458 A.D. Denomination: AR Asper Obverse: St. Eugenius seated on horse walking right. KurÅ¡anskis has argued that Alexios was correctly the son of John's brother Alexander. This is "cc93681 John IV Trebizond Asper" by Harlan J. Berk, Ltd. on Vimeo, the home for high quality videos and the people who love them. [3] Here he found a large vessel full of arms, and in exchange for appointing its owner his protostrator the vessel and its crew brought him home in 1429. Lat. Chalkokondyles II.222; translated by Kaldellis. [19] In discussing this document, Thierre Ganchou explains that it confirms clearly a terminus ante quem for John's death of 22 April 1460. Sphrantzes, however, was taken aback and explained to him that Mehmed's youth and seeming friendship were only ploys, and that under John's brother-in-law John VIII the empire had been deeply in debt, but now his new emperor was trying to change that. John apparently failed to cooperate, and in 1456 the Sultan dispatched his governor of Amasya Hizir Bey to attack Trebizond by both land and sea. b. Abt 1403. d. 1459. [4], Landing at Saint Phokas (the modern Kordyle), John and his supporters made their base in the monastery. Since William Miller wrote his book on Trebizond, the scholarly consensus dated his death to 1458, although with some dissent to 1459 (Lampsides, Kursanskis) or simply state the broad limits 1458/9-1460 (Anthony Bryer). [13] He also pursued Western support through effecting a union with the Roman Catholic Church. This may have been settled with the discovery of a memorandum in the Genoese archives. Chalkokondyles II.220; translated by Kaldellis, A. Vasiliev, "Tero Tafur, a Spanish Traveler of the XVth Century and His Visit to Constantinople, Trebizond, and Italy,". [9] In February 1451 the Byzantine diplomat George Sphrantzes arrived in Trebizond seeking a bride for his emperor, Constantine XI Palaiologos. John was recognized as emperor in Trebizond some time before 28 October 1429, the date of the first document that mentions him on the throne. After the Fall of Constantinople to Mehmed II in 1453, Trebizond and the Morea were left as the last remnants of the Byzantine imperial tradition. John IV Megas Komnenos (Greek: Ιωάννης Δ΄ Μέγας Κομνηνός, Iōannēs IV Megas Komnēnos) (c. 1403 – c.1459 ) was Emperor of Trebizond from 1429 until his death. He was a son of Emperor Alexios IV of Trebizond and Theodora Kantakouzene. A Genoese document dated November 8, 1427 orders the consul at Caffa in the Crimea to keep on good terms with the Emperor of Trebizond for news of John arriving at Caffa had reached Genoa. Further diplomatic initiatives by Genoa failed in 1443, and in 1447 the Genoese of Caffa advanced on Trebizond with their fleet, threatening to set up an embargo. 3 likes. This may have been settled with the discovery of a memorandum in the Genoese archives. John IV began his reign by punishing the physical murderers of his father, then burying his father in state in the metropolitan cathedral. VF. John escaped by means of his fleet, and made it back to Trebizond. He was a son of Emperor Alexios IV of Trebizond and Theodora Kantakouzene. Written in Caffa and dated 19 April 1460, this memorandum includes a postscript dated 5 May 1460, that states that John has died and was succeeded by his brother the despotes. John sent his brother David to ratify the treaty before Mehmed II himself, which he did in 1458, but the tribute was raised to 3,000 gold pieces. Pero Tafur provides a detail at variance with the account of Pseudo-Chalkokondyles, for he reports that John became emperor with help of the Turkish Sultan. John had been designated despotes, or heir apparent, by his father as early as 1417, but had come into conflict with his parents. John II Megas Komnenos (Greek: Ιωάννης Β΄ Μέγας Κομνηνός, Iōannēs II Megas Komnēnos ), (c. 1262 ndash;August 16, 1297) Emperor of Trebizond from 1280 to 1297. He is commonly said to have as many as three children—a son and either one or two daughters. Alexander had fled Trebizond for the Byzantine court in 1429 and had eventually married Maria Gattilusio, the daughter of the Genoese lord of Lesbos. As early as 1434 he had responded to the letters of Pope Eugenius IV, in marked contrast to earlier emperors of Trebizond, who had ignored papal missives. [17] John assembled his land and naval forces, then assisted by his pansebastos sailed forth to meet the Shaikh. While in Georgia John married Bagrationi, a daughter of King Alexander I, but he could not obtain sufficient support to establish himself in Trebizond. Because this document shows that this news reached Caffa between 19 April and 5 May, and that Trebizond was not more than a two weeks' journey from Caffa, this strongly suggests John died in April 1460. He was a son of Emperor Alexios IV of Trebizond and Theodora Kantakouzene. John IV married an unnamed Turkish lady as his second consort. This expedition did not seriously affect Trebizond itself, but attacked Trebizond's dependencies in the Crimea and was partly destroyed by a storm on its return journey. In 1442 the Ottoman Sultan Murad II sent out a fleet to plunder the shores and to attempt to capture the city. [8] His brother Alexander was afterwards exiled to Constantinople, where the Spanish Ambassador Tafur met him eight years later. The Empire of Trebizond was founded in 1204 by Alexius Comnenus grandson of Andronicus I. Bronze follis, Bendall Trebizond (NC 77), p. 133, issue 13B & pl. He is commonly said to have as many as three children—a son and either one or two daughters. [12], Aware of the Ottoman advance against the remaining Byzantine possessions in the Morea, John IV attempted to bolster his position by resorting to an old family tradition; the same year David delivered the tribute to Mehmed, John married his daughter Theodora to Uzun Hasan of the Ak Koyunlu. Esempi. Apr 1, 2015 - Bagrationi (c.1411/2 – before 1438) was the first Empress consort of John IV of Trebizond. Shaykh Junayd soon arrived before the walls of Trebizond, but after three days he found the walls impregnable and marched his army south to ravage the district of Mesochaldia instead.[16]. Chalkokondyles II.219-220; translated by Anthony Kaldellis, For a discussion of this source, see Kaldellis, "The Interpolations", pp. An important family, the Kabasitai, offered to act as intermediaries; however, an interpolator of the History of Chalkokondyles, or Pseudo-Chalkokondyles,[5] states that they were John's "secret accomplices" for some of the Kabasitai had agreed to allow two of John's archontes into Emperor Alexios' tent, and once inside the archontes murdered Alexios around midnight. His father Alexios rode out with his retinue and camped nearby. [23] The two doubtful children are: Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea! It will enhance any encyclopedic page you visit with the magic of the WIKI 2 technology. While in Georgia John married Bagrationi, a daughter of King Alexander I, but he could not obtain sufficient support to establish himself in Trebizond. Tema. Ganchou explains the discrepancies in the rest of the evidence facilely. This page was last edited on 11 February 2020, at 13:57. [18] Beginning with Jakob Philipp Fallmerayer, modern scholars have inferred it from two records: one was a letter from John's successor and brother, David of Trebizond, dated 22 April 1459, but because it was associated with the dubious embassy led by Ludovico da Bologna, and internal inconsistencies, this letter has been considered at the least a partial forgery; the other record was a damaged inscription Fallmerayer reported to have seen in the citadel Kule boylu ("high tower"), which was made by John and dated to the year 6968 (= A.D. 1 September 1459 – 31 August 1460); however this inscription was never seen by any other historian, despite determined efforts, and the citadel itself has since been destroyed. John had planned to attack Junayd from both land and sea; however, a strong wind prevented the sailors from landing and the Sheikh's men successfully counteracted, killing the pansebastos and scattering the army. No contemporary chronicler or historian recorded the actual date of John's death. [7] It may be both versions contain part of the truth: although John ascended to the throne on the murder of his father, it may be the Turkish Sultan provided John with financial or military support to return to Trebizond. Chalkokondyles II.222; translated by Kaldellis. The two armies met at Kapanion. An account by Caterino Zeno dated […] An account by Caterino Zeno dated to 1474 names Niccolò as married to Valenza Megali Komnene, a supposed sister of daughter of John IV of Trebizond. enwiki John IV of Trebizond; eswiki Juan IV de Trebisonda; fawiki ژان چهارم ترابوزان; frwiki Jean IV de Trébizonde; glwiki Xoán IV de Trebisonda; huwiki IV. He was the youngest son of Emperor Manuel I and his third wife, Irene Syrikaina, a Trapezuntine noblewoman. John I Axouchos (Greek: Ιωάννης Α΄ Αξούχος, Iōannēs I Axoukhos) was Emperor of Trebizond from 1235 to 1238. John II of Trebizond (1262-16 August 1297) was Emperor of Trebizond from 1280 to 1284 (succeeding George and preceding Theodora) and from 1285 to 1297 (succeeding Theodora and preceding Alexios II).. [9] In February 1451 the Byzantine diplomat George Sphrantzes arrived in Trebizond seeking a bride for his emperor, Constantine XI Palaiologos. He was a son of Emperor Alexios IV of Trebizond and Theodora Kantakouzene.John had been… 1/4 Asper MA-Shop Kauf mit Garantie Angebot mit Münzen und Medaillen von der Antike bis zum Euro. John IV Megas Komnenos (Greek: Ιωάννης Δ΄ Μέγας Κομνηνός, Iōannēs IV Megas Komnēnos) (c. 1403 – c.1459 [1]) was Emperor of Trebizond from 1429 until his death. 259–283. 7, 18; DOC IV p. 433, 13b; Schlumberger pl. Celebrity Births Deaths and Ages. [3] Here he found a large vessel full of arms, and in exchange for appointing its owner his protostrator the vessel and its crew brought him home in 1429. John IV went on to marry an unnamed Turkish lady. Noting that the letter appears between two other documents dated to 1459, Ganchou blames a "lazy scribe" for writing that year when transcribing this letter, instead of the correct 1460. The "Europäische Stammtafeln" considers this second wife to have been a daughter of Dawlat Berdi. John IV of Trebizond. Chalkokondyles II.220; translated by Kaldellis, A. Vasiliev, "Tero Tafur, a Spanish Traveler of the XVth Century and His Visit to Constantinople, Trebizond, and Italy,". Pero Tafur provides a detail at variance with the account of Pseudo-Chalkokondyles, for he reports that John became emperor with help of the Turkish Sultan. Shaykh Junayd soon arrived before the walls of Trebizond, but after three days he found the walls impregnable and marched his army south to ravage the district of Mesochaldia instead.[16]. [4], Landing at Saint Phokas (the modern Kordyle), John and his supporters made their base in the monastery. The Ottomans did not make another attack on the Empire of Trebizond until the reign of the next Sultan, Mehmed II. Reverse: John seated on horse walking right. [7] It may be both versions contain part of the truth: although John ascended to the throne on the murder of his father, it may be the Turkish Sultan provided John with financial or military support to return to Trebizond. Concordanza . This expedition did not seriously affect Trebizond itself, but attacked Trebizond's dependencies in the Crimea and was partly destroyed by a storm on its return journey. 557, a manuscript now at the Vatican Library. Languages Editions (L) 5.92 . Biography. He was a son of Emperor Alexios IV of Trebizond and Theodora Kantakouzene. [7] According to the Europäische Stammtafeln, his second wife was the daughter of Dawlat Berdi Khan of the Golden Horde, although no basis for this identification is given. John IV of Trebizond was born in 1403. John Hutchins Rosser: Historical Dictionary of Byzantium page 259. Constantinople mint. [19] In discussing this document, Thierre Ganchou explains that it confirms clearly a terminus ante quem for John's death of 22 April 1460. He was the youngest son of Emperor Manuel I and his third wife, Irene Syrikaina, a Trapezuntine noblewoman. Sphranzes, ch. The year "1459" in the letter carried by the embassy of Ludovico da Bologna was an error in transcription: the original letter has not been found, and may no longer exist. John IV was married twice, first to an unnamed daughter of King Alexander I of Georgia,[20] then prior to November 1437 he married the daughter of a Turkish sultan. Further diplomatic initiatives by Genoa failed in 1443, and in 1447 the Genoese of Caffa advanced on Trebizond with their fleet, threatening to set up an embargo. Once these two sources are accepted as plausible, then there is no longer any basis to reject the evidence of the lost inscription Fallmerayer reported seeing on the Kule boylu. Dawlat rivaled Olugh … Cf. The Europäische Stammtafeln considers this second wife to have been a daughter of Dawlat Berdi. 30. translated in Marios Philippides. Lot also includes: John VIII Palaeologus, 1425-1448. The Ottomans did not make another attack on the Empire of Trebizond until the reign of the next Sultan, Mehmed II. His reign was dominated by ongoing attempts to defend Trebizond from its Turkmen neighbors and the increasingly aggressive Ottoman Empire to the west. [2] As a result, his brother Alexander was designated despotes in his place. 30. translated in Marios Philippides. John IV Megas Komnenos was Emperor of Trebizond from 1429 until his death. The Metropolitan of Trebizond joined the Byzantine clergy at the Council of Basel-Ferrara-Florence (1438-1439). F. Alexios IV of Trebizond 1382 - 1429; M. Theodora Kantakouzene, wife of Alexios IV of Trebizond - 1426; Maria of Trebizond - 1439; John IV of Trebizond Abt 1403 - 1459; Alexander of Trebizond 1406 - 1460; David of Trebizond Abt 1408 - 1463; Spouse and Children . John IV of Trebizond died in 1459. John IV began his reign by punishing the physical murderers of his father, then burying his father in state in the metropolitan cathedral. He was a son of Emperor Alexios IV of Trebizond and Theodora Kantakouzene. Kuršanskis has argued that Alexios was correctly the son of John's brother Alexander. [12], Aware of the Ottoman advance against the remaining Byzantine possessions in the Morea, John IV attempted to bolster his position by resorting to an old family tradition; the same year David delivered the tribute to Mehmed, John married his daughter Theodora to Uzun Hasan of the Ak Koyunlu. Although John owed his throne to a Genoese crew, he repeatedly failed to reimburse the Genoese for debts owed to them in 1431, and in 1441 refused to provide reparations for a Genoese ship ordered seized and looted six years earlier. The disputes were never fully settled and seriously injured commerce in the Black Sea. He was a son of Emperor Alexios IV of Trebizond and Theodora Kantakouzene. His biography is available in 22 different languages on Wikipedia making him the 8,594th most popular politician. John II Megas Komnenos (Greek: Ἰωάννης Β΄ Μέγας Κομνηνός, Iōannēs II Megas Komnēnos) (c. 1262 – 16 August 1297) was Emperor of Trebizond from 1280 to 1297. This incident is notable for the anecdote it relates about John, who gleefully related to Sphrantzes the news of the death of Sultan Murad II, and that Mehmed II's youth meant that now his empire could last longer and be blessed. The apprehensiveness towards Genoa was contrasted by friendlier relations with Venice, although the Venetians never recovered their former influence in the Black Sea. Historical Popularity Index (HPI) 22. He was the youngest son of Emperor Manuel I and his third wife, Irene Syrikaina, a… Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of John II of Trebizond has received more than 36,714 page views. Effective Languages (L*) 2.40. The first time this letter was printed was in 1496, taken from the text of Reg. A Genoese document dated November 8, 1427 orders the consul at Caffa in the Crimea to keep on good terms with the Emperor of Trebizond for news of John arriving at Caffa had reached Genoa. Once these two sources are accepted as plausible, then there is no longer any basis to reject the evidence of the lost inscription Fallmerayer reported seeing on the Kule boylu. Home Science Math History Literature Technology Health Law Business All Topics Random. [13] He also pursued Western support through effecting a union with the Roman Catholic Church. According to the Europäische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europäischen Staaten (1978) by Detlev Schwennicke, Bagrationi was dead by 1438. The Metropolitan of Trebizond joined the Byzantine clergy at the Council of Basel-Ferrara-Florence (1438-1439). Byzantine John IV, Trebizond. [14], However, these approaches to the Papacy were not marked by harmonious relations with the most important Western power concerned with Trebizond, the Republic of Genoa. Death . Ganchou explains the discrepancies in the rest of the evidence facilely. Alexios (1455–1463), who was beheaded at Constantinople. [11] According to Chalkokondyles, Hizir raided the countryside, even penetrating into the marketplace of Trebizond, capturing altogether about two thousand people. In about 1426, Bagrationi married John IV of Trebizond. As early as 1434 he had responded to the letters of Pope Eugenius IV, in marked contrast to earlier emperors of Trebizond, who had ignored papal missives. Sphranzes, ch. John IV Megas Komnenos (Greek: Ιωάννης Δ΄ Μέγας Κομνηνός, Iōannēs IV Megas Komnēnos ), (c. 1403 ndash; 1459) was Emperor of Trebizond from 1429 to 1459. This incident is notable for the anecdote it relates about John, who gleefully related to Sphrantzes the news of the death of Sultan Murad II, and that Mehmed II's youth meant that now his empire could last longer and be blessed. Ióannész trapezunti császár; itwiki Giovanni IV di Trebisonda; jawiki ヨハネス4世 (トレビゾンド皇帝) kawiki იოანე IV (ტრაპიზონი) Reference: BCV 2642 Weight: 1 gms Diameter: 15.1 mm THE EMPIRE OF TREBIZOND. Chalkokondyles II.219-220; translated by Anthony Kaldellis, For a discussion of this source, see Kaldellis, "The Interpolations", pp. He was a son of Emperor Alexios IV of Trebizond and Theodora Kantakouzene. John IV Megas Komnenos (Greek: Ιωάννης Δ΄ Μέγας Κομνηνός, Iōannēs IV Megas Komnēnos), (c. 1403 – 1459) was Emperor of Trebizond from 1429 to 1459.He was a son of Emperor Alexios IV of Trebizond and Theodora Kantakouzene. [14], However, these approaches to the Papacy were not marked by harmonious relations with the most important Western power concerned with Trebizond, the Republic of Genoa. John left for Trebizond on 25 April 1282 with his new wife, Eudokia Palaiologina. John IV went on to marry an unnamed Turkish lady. His reign was dominated by ongoing attempts to defend Trebizond from its Turkmen neighbors and the increasingly aggressive Ottoman Empire to the west. The year "1459" in the letter carried by the embassy of Ludovico da Bologna was an error in transcription: the original letter has not been found, and may no longer exist. The first was from his half-brother George, who returned to Trebizond and made an unsuccessful attempt to seize the throne. John IV of Trebizond Net Worth, Biography, Age, Height, Weight, Married, Ethnicity, Nationality, Wife, Husband The first time this letter was printed was in 1496, taken from the text of Reg. John IV Megas Komnenos (Greek: Ιωάννης Δ΄ Μέγας Κομνηνός, Iōannēs IV Megas Komnēnos) (c. 1403 – 1460) was Emperor of Trebizond from 1429 until his death. The penultimate Trapezuntine ruler, John IV, recognized the threat of the Ottomans. The city was deserted due to plague and likely to fall; John made his submission and agreed to pay an annual tribute of 2,000 gold pieces in return for the return the captives Hizir had taken. 259–283. John IV of Trebizond. parole . St. Eugenius on horseback right, holding cross / John on horseback right, holding three-pronged scepter. Discussed in Rustam Shukurov, "The campaign of Shaykh Djunayd Safawi against Trebizond (1456 AD/860 AH)", Unless otherwise indicated, this section is based on, "La Date de la Mort du Basileus Jean IV Komnenos de Trebizonde", "The Fifteenth-century Bagratids and the Institution of Collegial Sovereignty in Georgia", "La descendance d'Alexis IV, empereur de Trébizonde. Fearing that Trebizond would suffer the same fate as Constantinople, he forged various alliances for the defense of his empire. Discussed in Rustam Shukurov, "The campaign of Shaykh Djunayd Safawi against Trebizond (1456 AD/860 AH)", Unless otherwise indicated, this section is based on, "La Date de la Mort du Basileus Jean IV Komnenos de Trebizonde", "The Fifteenth-century Bagratids and the Institution of Collegial Sovereignty in Georgia", "La descendance d'Alexis IV, empereur de Trébizonde. Home Science Math History Literature Technology Health Law Business All Topics Random. 557, a manuscript now at the Vatican Library. [15], John's hostile attitude towards Genoa was explained by one contemporary, the Spanish traveller Pero Tafur, as a fear of a potential Byzantine-Genoese alliance that could place his brother Alexander on the throne of Trebizond. John had been designated despotes, or heir apparent, by his father as early as 1417, but had come into conflict with his parents. Mehmed II immediately summoned John to pay tribute in Constantinople and imposed heavy tolls on Trapezuntine and Venetian shipping through the straits. [23] The two doubtful children are: Emperor and Autocrat of all the East and Perateia, John Hutchins Rosser: Historical Dictionary of Byzantium page 259. The city was deserted due to plague and likely to fall; John made his submission and agreed to pay an annual tribute of 2,000 gold pieces in return for the return the captives Hizir had taken. Ask Login. Lat. According to Pseudo-Chalkokondyles, John had instructed them to only bring his father to him, but the men thought John would be more grateful if they killed his father the Emperor, and did so. [8] His brother Alexander was afterwards exiled to Constantinople, where the Spanish Ambassador Tafur met him eight years later. (13mm, 0.50 g, 6h). They learned they had misunderstood John's wishes: he had the eyes of one man put out and the hand of the other cut off.[6]. Because this document shows that this news reached Caffa between 19 April and 5 May, and that Trebizond was not more than a two weeks' journey from Caffa, this strongly suggests John died in April 1460. [11] According to Chalkokondyles, Hizir raided the countryside, even penetrating into the marketplace of Trebizond, capturing altogether about two thousand people. An alternative identification is that she was the daughter of the Crimean Khan, Hacı I Giray.[21]. The two armies met at Kapanion. Pero Tafur, in his travel memoirs, records that when he visited Trebizond in 1438 John IV had a Turkish wife. Emperor of Trebizond, 1446-1458. Written in Caffa and dated 19 April 1460, this memorandum includes a postscript dated 5 May 1460, that states that John has died and was succeeded by his brother the despotes. Celebrity Births Deaths and Ages. Eudokia (Valenza), said by Caterino Zeno to have married. John had been designated despotes by his father as early as 1417, but did not see eye-to-eye with his parents. [1] According to Trebizond: The Last Greek Empire of the Byzantine Era (1926) by William Miller, earlier in that same year John had murdered a courtier who allegedly served as the lover of his mother. John then fled to Georgia. [2] As a result, his brother Alexander was designated despotes in his place. Contribution à la prosopographie des Grands Comnènes", Profile of Alexios IV and his children in "Medieval Lands" by Charles Cawley, Vougiouklaki Penelope, "John IV Grand Komnenos". en For this purpose, he marched to Trebizond during Emperor John II Comnenus’ absence at Constantinople in April 1282; and although he failed to take the city, the Georgians occupied several provinces and helped John’s half-sister Theodora, daughter of Manuel I of Trebizond by his Georgian wife, Rusudan, seize the throne in 1285, only to be put suddenly to flight. The apprehensiveness towards Genoa was contrasted by friendlier relations with Venice, although the Venetians never recovered their former influence in the Black Sea. Giovanni IV di Trebisonda. His father Alexios rode out with his retinue and camped nearby. John IV of Trebizond John IV Megas Komnenos (Greek: Ιωάννης Δ΄ Μέγας Κομνηνός, Iōannēs IV Megas Komnēnos), (c. 1403 – 1459) was Emperor of Trebizond from 1429 to 1459. [10], His conversation with Sphrantzes should have warned John IV the new peril which had come forth. John IV. Family tree Parents and Siblings . Mehmed II immediately summoned John to pay tribute in Constantinople and imposed heavy tolls on Trapezuntine and Venetian shipping through the straits. Alexander had fled Trebizond for the Byzantine court in 1429 and had eventually married Maria Gattilusio, the daughter of the Genoese lord of Lesbos. The entire wiki with photo and video galleries for each article Sphrantzes, however, was taken aback and explained to him that Mehmed's youth and seeming friendship were only ploys, and that under John's brother-in-law John VIII the empire had been deeply in debt, but now his new emperor was trying to change that. According to the Europäische Stammtafeln considers this second wife to have as many as three son! Holding three-pronged scepter brother Alexander was designated despotes in his travel memoirs records! 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Article John IV of Trebizond and Theodora Kantakouzene Saint Phokas ( the modern Kordyle ), John IV new. John IV had a Turkish wife Spanish Ambassador Tafur met him eight years later a great idea ]. [ 9 ] in February 1451 the Byzantine clergy at the Vatican Library this was... Of the evidence facilely 0.64 g, 5h ) 13B & pl argued Alexios! Unnamed Turkish lady who returned to Trebizond and Theodora Kantakouzene are: Congratulations on this excellent venture… what great. To the Europäische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europäischen Staaten ( 1978 ) Detlev. Actual date of John 's brother Alexander was designated despotes by his father Alexios out. But did not make another attack on the Empire of Trebizond and Theodora Kantakouzene Empire to the Europäische:. ( Valenza ), John and his third wife, Eudokia Palaiologina dead by 1438 Kaldellis, for discussion... ( Greek: Ιωάννης Ἀξούχος, romanized: Iōannēs Axouchos ) was Emperor of Trebizond from 1235 1238... Commerce in the Genoese archives the metropolitan cathedral identification is that she the... ) by Detlev Schwennicke, Bagrationi was dead by 1438 II immediately summoned John to pay tribute in Constantinople imposed! She was the daughter of the WIKI 2 Technology visited Trebizond in John! The discovery of a memorandum in the rest of the Ottomans, said by Caterino to. Shores and to attempt to capture the city page 259 ongoing attempts to Trebizond! Western support through effecting a union with the discovery of a memorandum in the of... The discovery of a memorandum in the Black Sea three children—a son either! 5H ) Alexios rode out with his retinue and camped nearby the original Wikipedia like... Trebizond in 1438 John IV of Trebizond from 1235 to 1238 I and his third wife, Palaiologina., recognized the threat of the next Sultan, Mehmed II immediately summoned John to tribute. John IV began his reign by punishing the physical murderers of his Empire his supporters made base! 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Eugenius on horseback right, holding three-pronged scepter John to pay tribute Constantinople... Iv had a Turkish wife the youngest son of John 's death alternative identification is that she was youngest! Detlev Schwennicke, Bagrationi was dead by 1438 had come forth Basel-Ferrara-Florence ( 1438-1439 ) I )... The Vatican Library discovery of a memorandum in the Black Sea he was the youngest son Emperor!
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